Cultural Property Index Visit the AWI blog to comment on Cultural Security.
The Cultural Property Index (CPI) indicates the
political power of cultural property. The CPI tracks the participation
of nations as states parties to conventions over time. The
map below illustrates the CPI across
nations for 2010. Graphs below track the Cultural Property Index over time for nations according to different classifications
(e.g. major economies, regions
of conflict, type of art).
Cultural Property - political clout
Conventions established through The Hague, UNESCO, and UNIDROIT
over the past century enable artworks and historic structures
as a medium for cultural diplomacy. States parties to the
conventions shape the significance of cultural property in
foriegn policy and diplomacy. (see maps to the right)
Protection and Repatriation - UNESCO conventions
The Cultural Property Index for each nation derives from
acceptance or ratification of the following international
conventions on the protection and repatriation of cultural
1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural
Property in the Event of Armed Conflict
First Protocol (1954) specifies:
- the prevention of exportation of cultural property from
- return of exported cultural property at close of hostilities.
Second Protocol (1999):
- reaffirms the intent of the convention
- updates the convention in accordance with the evolved
strategic and tactical exploitation of cultural property
in armed conflict.
1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and
Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership
of Cultural Property
1995 UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported
- establishes common, minimum legal rules for the restitution
and return of cultural property.
Below, a map illustrates the range of the CPI across nations
for 2010, and the graphs track the CPI by nation since 1954.